Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the Abraham Accords . . . But Were Afraid to Ask
The Abraham Accords are a series of joint declarations and agreements that Israel signed in 2020 with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco and which were all brokered by the United States. The International Legal Materials (ILM) editorial board asked me to help in compiling these agreements and declarations and develop a short introductory note that would provide a brief explanation of these documents. The ILM is a publication of the American Society of International Law that publishes periodically various types of important international documents, such as treaties and other international agreements, judicial and arbitral decisions, international organization resolutions, etc.
For a copy of my Introductory Note, accompanied by the text of all of the Abraham Accords documentation, as published this week in the ILM, see here. The Introductory Note summarizes the agreements that Israel executed, whether titled peace treaties, normalization agreements or otherwise, with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco under the broad umbrella of the Abraham Accords, as well as the associated joint declarations. The note also provides the background of the Abraham Accords, their context and significance, and it includes additional observations regarding the nature of the accords and the significant brokering role played by the United States.
In sum, if you want to review the accords, understand how they came into being, what they mean and how they fit with Israel’s other agreements with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and the Palestinians, it’s all here at your finger tip, in short and simple language.